Tree planting is the most important component of long-term tree survival. For example, trees planted too deep will begin to decline from lack of oxygen and respiration issues. They will develop shallow roots and are prone to uprooting during major weather events such as thunderstorms. To ensure proper tree planting, follow the steps outlined below.
Dig planting site 2 to 3 times the width of the root ball.
Plant tree no deeper than the original depth of the root ball. Root flare visible at the base of the tree trunk should be level with the soil surface.
Center tree in the planting site on solid subsoil.
After tree is positioned, cut and remove top 1/3 of wire basket.
Remove twine and roll down burlap to the bottom of the hole.
Backfill the planting site to 1/2 depth with gently packed soil and fill the hole with water.
After water has drained backfill the remaining area around the root ball with soil.
Create a saucer shaped ring in the soil outside of the root ball to enable water to drain toward the root ball in the future.
Place a 2 to 3 inch layer of mulch in a circle around the tree, beginning at least 3 inches away from the trunk and extending 3 to 4 feet in all directions. This will help prevent future lawn mower and weed trimmer damage to the trunk.
Watch the video below to learn more about how to properly plant a tree.